Diagnosis and treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), also sometimes called chronic myelogenous leukemia, is a type of leukemia that develops in the white blood cells (WBCs). The WBCs provide immunity to the body, helping fight illnesses and diseases. CML disrupts the formation and functioning of these cells, leading to the formation of immature WBCs, which grow uncontrollably and affect the number of other blood cells.
According to estimates by the American Cancer Society, 9,110 people will be diagnosed with CML in 2021, with about 1,220 people losing their lives to it. So it is a serious condition that requires attention as soon as symptoms, such as bone pain, weakness, and night sweats, set in.
Diagnosis of CML
Early diagnosis of CML is crucial for reducing the risk of death. Here’s how the doctor diagnoses the condition.
- Physical evaluation
The doctor will first examine what kind of symptoms one has and whether they are consistent with those of CML. He/she may check their vitals and also test whether the spleen and abdomen have enlarged.
- Blood tests
Since CML causes a spike in the number of WBCs, a simple blood test can reveal whether or not one has CML.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
Different parts of the bone marrow are evaluated in these tests. They’re fairly simple and can be done in the doctor’s office as well.
Treatment of CML
Once CML has been positively diagnosed, the doctor may choose any of the following treatment methods.
This is the most common way to treat cancerous cells. Specific medications used in this method travel through the bloodstream and kill the cells that cause CML.
- Bone marrow transplant
In this procedure, cancerous cells causing CML are first killed using chemotherapy. Then, healthy cells from a donor are infused into the body, which grows with time and replaces the old cells. A bone marrow transplant isn’t for everyone, though, as it can lead to serious complications.
- Targeted therapies
This treatment method is somewhat similar to chemotherapy, with the exception that only a certain protein, tyrosine kinase, is targeted and killed in this procedure. Medications such as Ponatinib (Iclusig) and Dasatinib (Sprycel) are used in this method.
Causes and Symptoms of Allergy Cough
An allergic cough involves bronchi inflammation. This inflammation is mainly caused either by any al...Read More
Top 5 Sleep Medications Available Over the Counter
Not getting a good night’s worth of sleep is a huge problem for working people. Not only do you ha...Read More
Best Medications to Get Relief from Sinus Allergy
Sinuses are small cavities in the skull, which are normally filled with air. They produce mucus that...Read More
5 home remedies for dry eyes
When the tear ducts in the eyes do not produce enough lubrication due to some internal or external f...Read More
Know More about Fibromyalgia Tender Points
Fibromyalgia is the second most common disease in the country that affects the muscles and bones. Th...Read More
4 misconceptions about contraceptives
4 misconceptions about contraceptivesThere is a lot of information as well as misinformation on birt...Read More
All You Need to Know about Pollen Allergies
Pollen is a very fine yellowish powder produced by flowers, trees, weeds, and grasses to help fertil...Read More
6 FDA-approved medications to treat lung cancer
6 FDA-approved medications to treat lung cancerOne of the leading causes of cancer deaths, lung canc...Read More