5 ways to prevent vitiligo from spreading steadily

5 ways to prevent vitiligo from spreading steadily

Vitiligo is a skin disorder that causes the cell to lose their pigmentation resulting in uneven discoloration. The patches develop isolated at first but can spread, covering the entire body over time. This happens when the skin cells stop producing melanin to give the skin its distinct color. Vitiligo is not dangerous and can be managed with early treatments and changes in nutrition and lifestyle. Here are five ways to help stop vitiligo from spreading.

Changes in daily nutrition
Vitiligo may worsen due to oxidative stress caused by certain nutritional deficiencies. But, including more fruits, vegetables, grains, and beverages that promote anti-inflammatory properties can help prevent the condition from worsening. Foods rich in vitamins C, D, and E, beta carotene, and omega-3 fatty acids combat oxidative stress that triggers unnatural pigmentation. Popular options include bananas, apples, kale, romaine lettuce, chickpeas, beets, carrots, radishes, figs, and dates.

Protect skin from exposure
Sunburn is a major risk factor for vitiligo. It is necessary to protect the skin from direct contact with sunlight. Dermatologists suggest topical sunscreens with UVA and UVB blocks for overall protection. It is also advisable to cover the areas where the skin has already lost pigmentation.

Supplements for skin health
While symptoms cannot be reversed, it is possible to stop vitiligo from spreading aggressively with topical treatments and mineral-based remedies. Turmeric and ginkgo biloba found in topical creams can prevent the spread of white patches. Vitamin B12, iron, copper, and zinc-fortified supplements counter deficiencies that increase the risk of underlying skin disorders and health complications.

Stress management
Vitiligo is an autoimmune response triggered mainly by increased cortisol levels, causing stress. Stress compromises immunity and can trick the body into attacking healthy skin cells resulting in new white patches. Dermatologists advise trying medication, deep breathing, and physical activities to control stress.

Effective treatments and skin therapy
Some over-the-counter prescriptions may also aid in re-pigmentation of the skin and help restore its natural color to some extent. In addition, dermatologists may suggest light therapy to treat and remove the white patches. In rare severe cases, surgical grafts can be done to cover up patches of lost color using donor skin cells from other unaffected parts of the body.

Vitiligo is not contagious and does not trigger major health complications. But it can make a person feel more conscious about their appearance. Dermatologists also suggest counseling and therapy for coping with the condition.

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